Shortly after his swearing in, President Bola Ahmed Tinubu announced the removal of the long debated fuel subsidy in Nigeria to ease pressure on government finances.
“Fuel subsidy is gone,” he told a packed crowd in the capital, Abuja.
He won disputed elections with a promise to renew hope – but he faces tough economic and security challenges.
It is not clear when the new policy will kick in, but ending the subsidy will lead to a rise in the price of petrol and could have a knock on effect on other prices.
Previous Nigerian governments have tried and failed to end the subsidy that was first introduced in the 1970s.
Despite its oil wealth, Nigeria is unable to refine enough crude to meet local demands so it imports petroleum products, which are then sold at a government-set price.
But the subsidy is a huge drain on public finances. Last year it gulped 4.3trn naira ($9.3bn; £7.5bn) and for the first half of this year, 3.36trn naira was budgeted for it.
The new president said the subsidy could no longer be justified and that the funds would instead be spent on public infrastructure and to improve the lives of people.
Mr Tinubu, 71, takes over from Muhammadu Buhari, who has stepped down at the end of his two terms.
He is under pressure to tackle the economic crisis.
Inflation is running at its highest rate for nearly 18 years, one in three people are unemployed and the output of the vital oil industry is shrinking.
Mr Tinubu acknowledged these challenges in his speech, saying his team would release its economic roadmap in the coming weeks but pointed out that interest rates were too high.
He won the election in February with 37% of the vote. His main rival Atiku Abubakar polled 29%, and Labour’s Peter Obi 25%.
Mr Tinubu’s victory is being challenged in court by the two opposition candidates. They say the outcome was manipulated.
But Mr Tinubu said he was “spreading his hand across the political divide”, and described the election as hard-fought and of a better quality than previous ones.
He also said that women and young people would feature prominently in his administration and hinted at employing more security personnel to tackle the security crisis, which includes kidnappings for ransom.
As a former governor of Lagos, he revitalised Nigeria’s commercial hub – no easy job – and his allies say he will take the same technocratic and thoughtful approach to running the vast country of more than 200 million people.
But opponents of the new president say he has lost the vitality he used to forcefully modernise Lagos.
Since the election he has travelled abroad twice, raising questions about his health. In 2021 he spent months in London being treated for an undisclosed illness.
He has brushed off the criticism, saying the job does not require the fitness of an Olympic athlete – and his associates are quick to remind everyone that US President Joe Biden is older, at 80.
The election tribunal is expected to start hearing the main arguments in their case on Tuesday and a ruling should be given within the next six months.